Targeted Screening for Diabetes among Women of Reproductive Age group in Kolkata: A Community Based Study.
Keywords:Diabetes, Gestational diabetes, Screening
Background: : Diabetes is increasing in alarming scale in India. Diabetic among women in reproductive age has not been explored much in community level. The present study was conducted with objective to screen for diabetic among women between 18 and 44 years. Materials & Methods: A descriptive observational community based study was conducted with health camp approach. At first step, women between age 18 and 44 years were screened for three risk factors: age ≥40 years, BMI≥25 and family history of diabetes. Those who have positive history were tested for random blood sugar. Result: Out of 17157 women, 6386 women were tested for random sugar. 16.21% were pre-diabetic and 19.21 % were diabetic. Prevalence of diabetic was found to increase with increase in age, BMI, and positive family history and more among Muslim women. Conclusion: This type of screening will enhance Yield & help in early diagnosis and prompt treatment minimising gestational problems.
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