Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases and its Effective Surveillance with STEPwise Approach
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide. Almost 75% of all NCD deaths, and 82% of the 16 million people that died prematurely, or before reaching 70 years aged, occur in low and middle-income countries. The epidemic of NCDs including heart condition, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and chronic lung disease poses devastating health consequences for people, and threatens to overburden the health systems. In finances starved countries, the costs associated with NCDs make the management of these diseases a major development concern for the 21st century.
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