Journal of Comprehensive Health <p>Journal of Comprehensive Health is the official publication of Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine, West Bengal Chapter. The Journal aims to provide an easily accessible, peer-reviewed, international evidence-base to encourage communication among those engaged in the research, teaching, and application of epidemiology of both communicable and non-communicable disease, including research into health and medical care. Initially two issues are published annually in electronic format in January and July. The journal allows free access (Open Access) to its contents. The journal's full text will be available online at</p> en-US [email protected] (Managing Editor - Rivu Basu) [email protected] (Editor) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 17:00:24 +0000 OJS 60 Estimating the burden of reproductive tract infections and its determinants amongst reproductive age group women residing in rural and urban settings in North India-a cross sectional comparative analysis <p><strong>Background: </strong>There is dearth of community based nationally representative data on Reproductive tract infections (RTI). Evidence suggests the stigma associated with the symptoms lead to poor health seeking behaviour among women. <strong>Objective: </strong>To estimate the prevalence and determinants of RTI symptoms among women of reproductive age (WRA) group in a selected rural and urban slum of district Faridabad, Haryana. <strong>Methodology: </strong>An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among 15-49 years age group ever married women residing in an urban slum and rural area of Faridabad. Minimum sample size was calculated to be 345. Systematic random sampling was used to interview eligible population using a predesigned structured questionnaire. Outcome variable of interest was at least one symptom of RTI. Prevalence ratio was calculated to identify the association between determinants and outcome.<strong> Results: </strong>Prevalence of at least one symptom of RTI among the women in urban area was 46.3% and 39.8% in rural area. Condom usage was higher among rural (20.4%) as compared to urban women (13.4%). Women in rural area reported higher proportion of abortions as compared to urban slum (10.2% vs 7.4%). The bivariable analysis revealed that use of sanitary pads, high parity, condom usage by partner and age at marriage as significant association with outcome. When subjected to generalized linear model non usage of condoms by partner (Adj PR (95%CI); 3.31 (1.14-9.57)) remained as an independent determinant of risk of RTI symptoms. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Condom usage by partner in this study has emerged out be a protective factor for risk of RTI symptoms.</p> Mitasha Singh, Ekta Gupta, Shweta Goswami, Garima Bansal, Shipra Saini, Pooja Goyal Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Comprehensive Health Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Neglected Tropical Diseases: Global Perspectives <p>Twenty diseases are classified as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including Buruli ulcer, Chagas disease, dengue and chikungunya, dracunculiasis (Guinea-worm disease), echinococcosis, foodborne trematodiases, human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), leishmaniasis, leprosy (Hansen's disease), lymphatic filariasis, mycetoma, chromoblastomycosis and other deep mycoses, onchocerciasis (river blindness), rabies, scabies and other ectoparasitoses, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiases, snakebite envenoming, taeniasis/cysticercosis, trachoma, and yaws and other endemic treponematoses. More than a billion people worldwide are affected by NTD, mostly in tropical nations and areas of armed conflict. The major nations reporting NTDs included Brazil and the Amazon region, the Gran Chaco, Mesoamerica, and Texas of the Americas, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Adjoining Nations: South Sudan, Northern Uganda, and Angola; Nigeria, Chad, Niger, and Mali; and Adjoining Sahelian Areas of Sub-Saharan Africa; Indonesia; and Papua New Guinea of Asia; and Oceania.<sup>1,2</sup></p> Kalaivani Annadurai Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Comprehensive Health Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Data Mining: A Medical Perspective <p>Data mining is the process of identifying patterns, anomalies, and correlations in huge databases that may be used to forecast future trends. It is also known as data knowledge discovery (KDD).The future of healthcare may hinge on the use of data mining to improve public health while also lowering health-care costs, saving time, identifying treatment plans and best practises, measuring effectiveness, detecting fraudulent insurance and medical claims, and ultimately improving patient standards.Data mining is important in the healthcare sector because, as people's lives change, various diseases impact them, and there is a need to utilise an efficient technique to anticipate the disease in time so that suitable treatment may be delivered to the patient.The quantity &amp;quality of many health care interventions are improved through results of data mining, such as advanced through medical model of health which focuses one radication of illness through diagnosis &amp; effective treatment.</p> Gothai Nachiyar S, Kalaivani Annadurai, Sharath U Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Comprehensive Health Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Use of collage dressing in pemphigus vulgaris: Novel approach <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Pemphigus vulgaris disease are blistering cutaneous and mucous membrane diseases linked to desmoglein 1 and 3 antigens. Even while the existence of autoantibodies is consistent with an autoimmune disease, the exact cause of this condition is yet unknown. These antibodies attack the keratinocyte adhesion proteins, causing blister development and acantholysis (disruption of the spinous layer that results in intraepidermal clefting). Since there are initially only oral lesions, there is a greater likelihood that the disease will be incorrectly diagnosed as another ailment, resulting in ineffective treatment. In sir T hospital one skin OPD is there. <strong>Case</strong>: A middle-aged lady admitted dermatology department in sir T hospital Bhavnagar, Gujarat for recent exacerbation. She was suffering from pemphigus vulgaris for one year. She was conscious and cooperative. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: After informed consent collagen application done. Collagen application and regular dressing heal the wound and she successfully recovered and discharge from dermatology department, sir T hospital Bhavnagar. Collagen application should use for treatment of pemphigus vulgaris</p> Bansi Trivedi, Nilkanth Suthar Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Comprehensive Health Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Immunization Agenda 2030: Reaching the Unreached is the topmost priority <p>Vaccines save lives. As a safe and cost-effective public health intervention, vaccines have contributed greatly to lessen the burden of infectious diseases in both developing and developed countries. According to a recent estimate (CDC 2023) 4 million deaths are prevented by childhood vaccination every year<sup>1</sup>.</p> Rabindranath Sinha Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Comprehensive Health Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000