An Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about Biomedical Waste Management among Health Care Workers in Primary Health Care Facilities in a District of West Bengal
Keywords:Attitude, Gap analysis, Health care workers, Knowledge, Practice, Primary health care facilities
Background: Biomedical waste become hazardous if it is not segregated, treated and disposed properly and poses a serious health problem to health care workers as well as to the community. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice about biomedical waste management among the health care workers posted in primary health care facilities in a district of West Bengal. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in subcentres, bedded and non bedded primary health centres (PHC) selected by multi stage random sampling. Thus six PHCs and 14 subcenres were chosen. Study population included doctors, nurses, pharmacists, lab technicians, health supervisors, Auxiliary Nurse Midwives and housekeeping staff. Study techniques included interview of the study participants and practice of was observed by an observation check list. Results: Knowledge and attitude of the study participants were satisfactory about biomedical waste management, but practice was seen to be very poor. Nurses were seen to be more knowledgeable than other categories of staff. Training and vaccination status were poor. The median knowledge, attitude and practice score had no significant association with age or years of experience of the study participants. Conclusion: Repeated training and sensitization workshops should be organized for increasing knowledge and attitude of the health care workers and repeated monitoring is required to improve practice. All the HCWs should be vaccinated properly with Hepatitis B vaccination and tetanus toxoid.
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