A School Based Study on Over-nutrition And it's Determinants in an Urban Area of Kolkata


  • Aparajita Dasgupta
  • Sweta Suman
  • Bobby Paul
  • Rajarshi Banerjee
  • Lina Bandyopadhyay
  • Shamita Mondal




Over-nutrition, screen time, unhealthy food score


Background: The World Health Organization has declared overweight as one of the top ten health risks in the world. The magnitude of overweight and obesity ranges from 9% to 27.5% and 1% to 12.9%, respectively among Indian children. Objective: This study was done to estimate over-nutrition among school students and its’ predictors. Methodology: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted among 151 students of mid adolescent age studying in class VII - IX during July - September, 2017 in Kolkata. Informed consent was obtained from the school authority and parents. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on various characteristics. Scoring for unhealthy food habit was done. Over-nutrition was determined by comparing BMI with WHO age-gender specific chart for children aged 5-19 years. Analysis was done using SPSS (v 16). Results: A total of 33.1% students falls in over-nutrition category. On bivariate logistic regression, factors significantly associated were maternal education [OR 2.36, 95% CI (1.1-5.1)], status of physical activity [2.95, 95% CI(1.6-5.9)], frequency of eating out [OR 3.42, 95% CI (2.3-5.1)], skipping breakfast[OR 1.4, 95% CI (1.2-1.6)], screen time [OR 5.4 95% CI (2.6-11.8)] and hours spent sitting idle [OR 1.37, 95% CI (1.2-1.6)]. On multivarible analysis, frequency of eating out [AOR 5.1, 95% CI (2.46-10.4)], skipping breakfast [AOR 1.75, 95% CI (1.28-2.4)] and screen time [AOR 0.14, 95% CI (0.04-0.5)] remained significantly associated. Conclusion: Over-nutrition is not very uncommon among school children pertaining to changing lifestyle. Health education and training should be given due importance at par with academics.




How to Cite

Dasgupta, A. ., Suman, S. ., Paul, B. ., Banerjee, R. ., Bandyopadhyay, L. ., & Mondal, S. . (2018). A School Based Study on Over-nutrition And it’s Determinants in an Urban Area of Kolkata. Journal of Comprehensive Health, 6(2), 117–122. https://doi.org/10.53553/JCH.v06i02.011



Original Article