Effect of Maternal Factors on Low Birth Weight Baby in a Medical College of Kolkata


  • Sonali Sain
  • Prianka Mukhopadhyay
  • Tushar Kanti Saha
  • Amitabha Chattopadhyay
  • Indira Dey
  • Nirmal Kumar Mandal




Low birth weight baby , risk factors


Background: Low birth weight is a major determinant of mortality, morbidity and disability in infancy and childhood and also has a long-term impact on health outcomes in adult life. Objectives: The present study was undertaken with the objectives of assessment of occurrence of low birth weight babies delivered in NRS Medical College & Hospital and to find out the role of different sociodemographic and pregnancy related factors influencing low birth weight. Method:  A descriptive, observational study was conducted in the postnatal ward of the Hospital. All mothers who delivered during the study period were interviewed and relevant record was reviewed. Results: 38% of the babies had low birth weight. Proportion of teenage mothers were higher in case of low birth weight babies compared to the mothers of normal birth weight babies ( 27.7% Vs 17% ). 72.3% of the LBW babies were from family with per capita income < Rs 3000/- compared to 37.7% normal birth weight babies. 67.7% of mothers of low birth weight babies had last child birth within 3years compared to 33% of normal babies. 10.7% of the mothers of LBW babies had <3 ANC visits compared to 1.8% in other group. 22.6% of the mothers consumed <100 Folifer tablets  and 23.1% smoked tobacco during the antenatal period who delivered LBW babies compared to 1.8% and 2.8% respectively in their counterparts. Conclusion: Magnitude of low birth weight is still high and various unfavourable socio-demographic, antenatal and obstetric factors increased the risk of delivering low birth weight baby.




How to Cite

Sain, S. ., Mukhopadhyay, P. ., Saha, T. K. ., Chattopadhyay, A. ., Dey, I. ., & Mandal, N. K. . (2020). Effect of Maternal Factors on Low Birth Weight Baby in a Medical College of Kolkata. Journal of Comprehensive Health, 2(2), 54–64. https://doi.org/10.53553/JCH.v02i02.006



Original Article

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